"The summits of the Tetons which are about 12,000 feet above the ground are the most interesting phenomena of the Rockies. Without a hillock zone coniferous forest rises on steep slopes with flowery alpine pasture and bluish-white glaciers up to the top from naked granite. Middle and South Teton are the heart of the mountains ... in front of them is Jackson Hole, a wide valley coverd by sagebrush with forest hills and aspen groves offering the best living conditions for pronghorn, deer, elk and other animals. The Snake River which comes from Teton wilderness winds its way peacefully along the Tetons to Idaho ..." (2)
People entered Jackson Hole an estimated 12,000 years ago. Archeological evidence indicates that small groups hunted and gatherd plants in the valley from 5,000 to 500 years before the present. During historic times no one trieb claimed ownership to Jackson Hole, but Blackfeet, Crow, Gros Ventre, Shoshone and other Native Americans living on surrouonding lands used this neutral valley during warm month. Severe winters prevented year-round habitation. Teton Range was snatched away from the Natives in only 80 years. Settlement by white intruders began in 1884.